We strive to explore and understand a broad range of physical phenomena induced by ultrashort laser pulses with materials of different kind. We are seeking for innovative science concepts in the research areas of laser-matter interaction physics, which would advance design of functional surfaces, synthesis of nanomaterials and nanostructures with novel properties, creation of new photonic structures, and bio-applications. The team combines experimental studies with state-of-the-art diagnostics techniques and a strong theoretical expertise in the areas of laser excitation of solids, phase transitions, dynamics of the laser-induces plumes.

We are building an advanced laser application laboratory, which will include three ultrashort pulse lasers with laser wavelengths from UV to mid-IR, high-vacuum chambers, time-of-flight mass spectrometry, ultrafast diagnostics (pump-probe techniques, streak camera, ICCD imaging, LIBS) and material characterization (optical microscopy, SEM, XRD, AFM, Raman).

The theoretical support of the experiments is based on the experience of team members in

  • one- and two-temperature modeling, including electron photoemission with charge separation and non-congruent vaporization of compound materials;
  • FDTD simulations of propagation of laser beam focused inside transparent materials;
  • gasdynamic modeling of laser ablation plume expansion in vacuum and ambient gases;
  • TD-DFT simulations of laser action on band-gap crystals;
  • analytical methods of plasma physics and plasmonics.

Prof. Nadezhda M. Bulgakova, department head

Prof. Nadezhda M. Bulgakova graduated from the Novosibirsk State University, Russia and received PhD and Doctor of Sciences degrees from the Institute Thermophysics of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences. Her research interests include processes in solid targets absorbing laser radiation; dynamics of plasma plumes during pulsed laser ablation of solids; cluster formation in free gaseous jets and laser-ablation plumes; plasma-chemical reactions. She has developed a theory of laser-induced surface charging and Coulomb Explosion of bulk materials, a spherical model of laser plasma expansion to ambient gases, a model of the phase explosion regime of laser ablation, a theory of the double layer in laser plasmas and several other models and theories. In 2012 Prof. Bulgakova was awarded by Diploma Di Merito and Golden Medal of European Scientific-Industrial Chamber in recognition of her contribution to the theory of laser-matter interaction. She has published more than 170 journal papers, conference proceedings and book chapters in English and Russian and presented more than 50 plenary and invited talks at international conferences.